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Gravenstein

Gravenstein
Gravenstein is listed in the RHS Plants for Pollinators

Gravenstein is undoubtedly a very old variety, and its origins are confused but there is clearly a strong association with northern Germany, Denmark, and Norway where it remains very popular - in 2005 it became the National apple of Denmark. In the 19th century examples were taken to both New England and California where it is still widely grown.

Although Gravenstein has never achieved great commercial success, it remains popular with apple enthusiasts around the world. The flavour, both for eating fresh and (especially) for cooking is unusually good for such an early-season variety.

Like most early-season apples Gravenstein does not keep that well but, usefully, the apples tend to ripen individually over the course of a couple of weeks so you are not necessarily faced with a sudden glut. (This lengthy ripening time is one of the reasons Gravenstein is not successful as a commercial variety, but is a plus for the home orchardist).

Gravensteins have a distinctive flushed colouring, which begins in mid-August as a few streaks of red, and spreads to cover the whole apple by the end of the picking season in mid-September.

 

Bio / Organic  fruit trees

Gravenstein organic apple trees - graft to order

  • 11-year tree on M9 rootstock 24.95€
    Small tree (1.5m-2.5m after 10 years)
  • 21-year tree on MM111 rootstock 24.95€
    Large tree (3m-5m after 10 years)
  • 31-year tree on Franc rootstock 24.95€
    Very large tree (5m-6m+ after 10 years)
Delivery countries
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Growing and Training

Gravenstein has a wide climate range and is generally quite easy to grow. However pollinating it can be a challenge because it flowers unusually early, so it is important to have plenty of other early-season apple (and crab-apple) varieties nearby. For this reason Gravenstein is best planted as an addition to an existing orchard rather than as your first apple tree.


Gravenstein characteristics

  • Gardening skillExperienced
  • Self-fertilityNot self-fertile
  • Flowering group1
  • Pollinating othersPoor
  • PloidyTriploid
  • Climate suitabilityTemperate climatesMild damp climates
  • Picking periodlate August
  • Picking seasonEarly
  • Season of use1 week
  • CroppingGood
  • Food usesEating freshCulinaryTraditional cookerDual purpose
  • Disease resistancePoor
  • ScabSome susceptibility
  • CankerSome susceptibility
  • MildewSome susceptibility
  • Fire blightVery susceptible
  • Country of originDenmark
  • Period of origin1750 - 1799