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Climate zones for growing fruit trees in Europe

The USDA plant hardiness zones were originally established for the United States, but are now widely used for other countries. The hardiness zones are based on the concept of the average winter minimum temperatures. The lower the number, the colder the winter climate in that area. Zone 3 is likely to be the coldest zone in which it is still possible to grow fruit trees. The warmest zone in Europe is zone 10, which corresponds to winter temperatures of in the range -1C to 4C. Our fruit tree search page and product pages include details of the minimum USDA hardiness zone.

  • Flag of BelgiumBelgium

    Belgium has a maritime climate, mostly in zone 8 and fruit trees can be planted at any time in the winter.

    • Antwerp8a
    • Brussels8b
    • Ghent8b
    • Liege8a
    • Namur8a

    PlantMaps climate zone map for Belgium

  • Bulgaria

    Western Bulgaria, including Sofia, lies mostly in zones 7a and 7b, while eastern Bulgaria, nearer to the Black Sea, is typically zones 7b and 8. Early spring is the best time to plant fruit trees.

    • Burgas8a
    • Sofia7a

    PlantMaps climate zone map for Bulgaria

  • Flag of CzechiaCzechia

    The whole of Czechia lies in zone 7 and the best time to plant fruit trees is generally in early spring.

    • Brno7a
    • Prague7b

    PlantMaps climate zone map for Czechia

  • Flag of DenmarkDenmark

    Denmark has a mild maritime climate and lies mostly in zone 8. Fruit trees can be planted at any time during the winter.

    • Aalborg7b
    • Aarhus8a
    • Copenhagen8a
    • Esbjerg8a
    • Odense8a

    PlantMaps climate zone map for Denmark

  • Flag of FranceFrance

    Most of western, central, northern and southern France lies in zones 8b to 10a, with minimum temperatures unlikely to be a problem for planting fruit trees.

    The mountainous areas are mostly in zone 7, and spring planting is likely to be the safest option.

    • Bordeaux9a
    • Lille8b
    • Paris9a
    • Strasbourg8a

    PlantMaps climate zone map for France

  • Flag of GermanyGermany

    Almost the whole of Germany lies in zone 8, with minimum temperatures down to about -12C, so the best time for planting fruit trees is likely to be late February. The areas near the Polish border are noticeably colder, down to zone 7, as is much of Bavaria. Spring planting is best for these areas.

    • Aachen8b
    • Berlin8a
    • Bonn8a
    • Hamburg8a
    • Munich7a

    PlantMaps climate zone map for Germany

  • Flag of IrelandIreland

    The island of Ireland lies almost entirely in zones 8 and 9, and fruit trees can be planted at any time during the winter.

    • Bari9a
    • Como8a
    • Milan8a
    • Palermo9b
    • Rome8a

    PlantMaps climate zone map for Ireland

  • Flag of ItalyItaly

    Italy has a good climate for fruit trees. Southern Italy is mostly zone 10, with temperatures rarely falling below freezing at all. In these areas fruit trees can be planted between December and February. Northern Italy is mostly zone 9, while the mountainous areas of the north and centre are zones 7 and 8a.

    • Carlow8a
    • Cork9a
    • Dublin9a
    • Galway9a
    • Limerick9a

    PlantMaps climate zone map for Italy

  • Hungary

    Hungary lies almost entirely in zone 7. Western Hungary and Budapest is mostly zone 7a while eastern Hungary is mostly zone 7a.

    It is possible to plant fruit trees in late November, but much safer to plant in late February or early March.

    • Budapest7b

    PlantMaps climate zone map for Hungary

  • Flag of LithuaniaLithuania

    Lithuania falls primarily in zone 6, with average winter minimum temperatures falling below 20C. Fruit trees should be planted in early spring.

    • Klaipeda6b
    • Kaunas6a
    • Vilnius6a

    PlantMaps climate zone map for Lithuania

  • Flag of NetherlandsNetherlands

    The whole of the Netherlands has a mild maritime climate, mostly zone 8. Fruit trees can be planted at any time in the winter.

    • Amsterdam8b
    • Eindhoven8a
    • Groningen8a
    • Nijmegen8a
    • Rotterdam8b
    • The Hague8b

    PlantMaps climate zone map for Netherlands

  • Flag of PolandPoland

    With the exception of the Baltic coast, which is zone 8, most of Poland lies in zone 6b and zone 7a. The best time to plant fruit trees is in early spring.

    • Gdansk7a
    • Krawkow7a
    • Warsaw6b

    PlantMaps climate zone map for Poland

  • Flag of PortugalPortugal

    The climate of Portugal is dominated by the Atlantic ocean and winter temperatures rarely fall below freezing. Fruit trees can be planted at any time in the winter.

    • Lisbon10b
    • Porto10a

    PlantMaps climate zone map for Portugal

  • Flag of SpainSpain

    Apart from the Pyrenees mountains most of Spain lies in zone 9 or above, and therefore fruit trees can be planted all winter.

    • Barcelona10a
    • Bilbao9b
    • Madrid9a
    • Seville10a
    • Valencia10a
    • Zaragoza9b

    PlantMaps climate zone map for Spain

  • Flag of SwedenSweden

    Southern Sweden is zone 7a, with minimum winter temperatures down to about -17C. The coastal areas are zone 8a. Central and northern Sweden is much colder - zones 5 or 4. Fruit trees should be planted in early spring once the ground has thawed.

    • Lulea4a
    • Gothenburg7b
    • Malmo8a
    • Stockholm7a

    PlantMaps climate zone map for Sweden